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Field and Swamp: Animals and Their Habitats


Grasshoppers, Katydids, Crickets and Stick Insects (order Orthoptera)

Northern Walkingstick (Diapheroma femorata, Family Heteronemiidae), Little Scaly Mountain, Macon County, NC, 8/10/05.  This large predatory insect was about 6 inches long.

A Northern Mole Cricket:  from playing dead to returning underground

Northern Mole Cricket (Gryllotalpa hexadactyla, family Gryllotalpidae), Durham, NC, 3/14/06.   When I first found it, it looked dead but was very much alive.  Northern Mole Cricket. When I turned it over, it moved rapidly toward the grass... Northern Mole Cricket. Legs flying left and right, with a claw-like forepaw lifted...


Northern Mole Cricket. At the grass, it initially got stuck on a grass blade, but I nudged it closer to the ground. Northern Mole Cricket. It quickly started to dig a hole and went down the hole. Northern Mole Cricket.  Already the thorax is mostly underground.

Bush Crickets

Bush Crickets, unlike Common Crickets, never seem to wind up on the ground.  They are typically found on leaves, furiously working their black maxillary palps to scout the terrain.

Red-headed Bush Cricket (Phyllopalpus pulchellus), Durham, NC, 11/7/13 Red-headed Bush Cricket (Phyllopalpus pulchellus, Trigonidiinae subfamily, Trigonidiidae family, Ensifera suborder), Eno River State Park, Orange County, NC  8/5/06.  You can see the large black maxillary palps well in this picture.  Common crickets also have them, but they're white and easily overlooked.


Adult (almost, still has big white eyes) Red-headed Bush Cricket, Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 8/23/05.  Note the sound-producing spines on the near leg. 


Red-headed Bush Cricket  nymph. See the big black maxillary palps, tasting sensory organs, used on a flower.  Durham, 7/31/05. Red-headed Bush cricket nymph on a cattail leaf, Durham, NC, 7/16/09.

Other Crickets

Camel Cricket (Ceuthophilus genus, family Gryllidae), Durham, 6/16/05. Cricket, Durham, 11/30/05. Cricket, Johnston Mill, Orange County, NC, 8/18/06 Cricket, Durham, 8/21/06

Scaly cricket (Cycloptilum genus, Mogoplistidae family, Mogoplistoidea superfamily, Gryllidea infraorder, Ensifera suborder)  Fall Field cricket (Gryllus pennsylvanicus) nymph, Durham, NC, 11/6/08 Field Cricket, Durham, NC, 11/14/11 Ground Cricket (Nemobiinae family), Durham, 7/27/08

Short-horned Grasshoppers

Grasshopper (Tetrix arenosa, Tetrigidae family), I'on Swamp, Francis Marion National Forest, Charleston County, SC, 3/29/06.  A very tiny grasshopper that comes in a variety of color patterns.  Hooded Pygmy Grasshopper (Paratettix cucullatus), Durham, NC, 3/14/11.  ID thanks to David J. Ferguson



Differential Grasshopper (Melanoplus differentialis), One of the bigger grasshoppers I saw in Boone, Watauga County, NC, 8/29/05. Mating Differential Grasshoppers, Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 9/23/07 Differential Grasshoppers, mating pair. Dare County, NC, 10/6/05. Differential Grasshopper, Durham, NC, 9/28/06


American Bird Grasshopper (Schistocerca americana), Flat River Impoundment, Durham County, NC, 10/4/10 American Bird Grasshopper (Schistocerca americana), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 9/21/06.  One the biggest grasshoppers I've seen. American Bird Grasshopper, Falls Lake County Park, 1/6/07.  The intense red was there before image processing.


Short-horned Grasshopper, Durham, 7/12/05 Durham, 11/4/05 Fort Fisher Basin Trail, New Hanover County, NC, 12/12/05.


Short-horned grasshopper nymph, Falls Lake SP, Wake County, NC, 3/1/06.  Short-horned grasshopper nymph, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC,  7/9/05.  Grasshopper nymph, Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 5/21/09 Red-legged Grasshopper (Melanoplus ferrubrum), nymph, Boone, Watauga County, NC, 8/7/06 Differential Grasshopper (Melanoplus differentialis) nymph, Durham, 8/6/06

Katydids/Long-horned Grasshoppers

Giant Katydid (Stilpnochlora couloniana, Phaneropterinae "false katydid" subfamily), Durham, NC, 8/19/09 Fork-tailed Bush Katydid (Scudderia furcata), Durham, 8/14/05.  A type of "false katydid" (Phaneropterinae subfamily)  ID thanks to Will Cook. Oblong-winged Katydid (Amblycorypha oblongifolia, Phanopterinae subfamily).

 © 2006 Mick Phillips

Common True Katydid (Pterophylla camellifolia, Pseudophyllinae "true katydid" subfamily), Durham, NC, 7/5/05        
Male katydid (Atlanticus gibbosus), Third Fork Trail, Durham, NC, 7/10/11 Protean Shieldback Katydid nymph(Atlanticus testaceus, subfamily Tettigoniinae subfamily), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 8/18/08.   Protean Shieldback Katydid nymph (antennae were truncated), Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, Orange County, NC, 3/14/08.  This nymph was very tiny (1 or 2 mm long).


Handsome Meadow Katydid (Orchelimum pulchellum, Conocephalinae subfamily), Durham, NC, 9/28/08.  Long antennae were truncated.


Eno River SP, Old Cole Mill Road access, 8/17/05.  Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 8/24/05

Katydid Nymphs

Katydid nymph (Scudderia genus, Phaneropterinae family),  Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 4/29/06 Katydid nymph (Scudderia genus, Phaneropterinae subfamily), Durham, 6/26/05.  This one showed up on a butterfly bush in my front yard. Same nymph. Another katydid nymph, Asheville, NC, 7/7/05. Katydid (Scudderia genus) nymph, Eno River State Park, Old Cole access, 6/23/09 Katydid nymph (Scudderia genus), Durham, 7/22/05.


Katydid nymph (Scudderia genus), Mason Farm Biological Reserve, Orange County, NC, 6/17/06 Katydid (Scudderia genus) nymph, Durham, NC, 7/1/07 Katydid (Scudderia genus) nymph Scudder's Bush Katydid nymph on a mossy fence, Durham, NC, 5/16/10

Conehead Katydid (Conocephalus dorsalis, Conocephalinae subfamily) nymph in mid-molt?, Durham, NC, 8/30/06  Meadow katydid (Conocephalus genus) on Queen Anne's Lace.  Penny's Bend Nature Preserve, Durham County, NC, 6/25/11    


2005-2010 Dorothy E. Pugh