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Field and Swamp: Animals and Their Habitats

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Bony (Teleost) Fish (infraclass Teleostei, subclass Neopterygii, class Actinopterygii, superclass Osteichthyes, subphylum Verebrata, phylum Chordata, kingdom Animalia, domain Eukarya)

To most Americans, the word "fish" really means "bony fish."  This is the dominant infraclass of fish, and has been since the Cretaceous Period (144 to 65 million years ago).  However, there are a number of ancient species of fish on the planet, such as the strange and rarely seen Coelacanth, which comprises its own subclass.

I saw most of them in a long, narrow pond joined to a creek and the water may have distorted their shape somewhat.

Two Bluegills (Lepomis macrochirus), The Estuarium, Washington, Beaufort County, NC, 7/17/14 This Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) seemed to be swimming near or at the surface of the water in a drainage ditch in my Durham neighborhood on 6/25/05.  Josh Rose provided this ID. This Mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrookii or G. affinis), appeared at the Seaforth Recreational Area, Chatham County, NC, at the edge of Jordan Lake.  Josh Rose provided this ID.

Rainbow Trout

Rainbow Trout, in Cedar Creek (running under the Natural Bridge), Rockbridge County, VA, 7/8/09          

Rainbow Trout, Durham, 6/30/05, in my local drainage ditch. Durham, 6/30/05 Durham, 8/5/05


Durham, 7/5/05 Durham, 7/12/05, probably same species as fish on the left. Durham, 8/1/05.  This fish had its mouth open.


I couldn't resist taking some artistic liberties with these catfish: image enhancement has made the colors totally unreal.  Durham, 6/27/05. This catfish was also in that stream.  Josh Rose thinks it might be a Madtom.  The dimensions may be distorted by the water, making the tail look skinnier than it really is. Brown Bullhead Catfish (Ameiurus nebulosus), Durham, NC, 8/20/10.  See other fish.  Bullhead ID thanks to Alex Netherton.

Catfish, Duke Gardens, 4/21/11        

Mystery Fish

This fish at the Francis Marion National Forest on 3/29/06 was seven or eight inches long.


Fish,Charleston, SC, 3/27/06

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© Copyright 2005-2010 Dorothy E. Pugh.  All pictures copyrighted.